orchestras

orchestras
   Though Spain has not had a strong orchestral tradition, the 1980s and 1990s saw considerably increased public investment in orchestras and concert halls throughout the country. While the Symphony Orchestras of the Liceu Theatre (1847), of Madrid (1904), of Bilbao (1922) and of Tenerife (1935) pre-date the Civil War, those of Barcelona and Valencia together with the National Orchestra date from the 1940s, the Radiotelevision Symphony Orchestra from 1965, and as many as sixteen theatre, city and regional orchestras, together with the National Youth Orchestra, date from the 1980s and 1990s. To this period also belong the building of new concert halls, in particular the Auditorio Nacional de Música in Madrid, the renovation of others such as the splendid Palau de la Musica in Barcelona, and the refurbishment of many older theatres, which also act as concert venues, notably the Royal Theatre in Madrid. Increased funding has also facilitated visits abroad, such as that by the National Youth Orchestra to the London Proms in 1996.
   See also: music; opera
   EAMONN RODGERS

Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture. 2013.

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